NPM production Technologies/practices
NPM aims at strengthening the inherent ability of the crops and crop ecosystems to manage the damage by pests and diseases. It is the disturbance in the ecological balance among different components of the crop ecosystem that makes certain insects, weeds, and diseases reach the damaging levels. Use of chemical pesticides and genetically modified crops disturb the ecological balance in the crop ecosystems, which in turn leads to pest resistance, secondary pests and pest resurgence. So, in NPM approach, efforts are taken to bring back or strengthen the crop ecosystem’s ability to manage pests through total system level interventions. NPM comprises of various kinds of agro-ecological approaches and practices to crop protection that envisages total system level interventions without use of synthetic chemical pesticides and so resources from such approaches are shared here.